STUDY ON THE ATTACHMENT STYLES OF 10,000 PEOPLE IN 2009
- Only 58% are securely attached. Thus Juliet and William would posit that 42% are likely to have some degree of shame.
- North American non-clinical mothers (23% dismissing, 58% secure, 19% preoccupied attachment representations, and 18% additionally coded for unresolved loss or other trauma).
- They did not find gender differences in the use of dismissing versus preoccupied attachment strategies, as fathers showed distributions similar to the norm group.
- Furthermore, the AAI Adult Attachment Inventory distributions are independent of language, with respondents using languages such as Japanese, Hebrew, Dutch, Italian, French, and Swedish.
- Also, cultures did not show large differences, as the Japanese and Israeli samples were rather similar to the norm group, and the European set of samples only displaying somewhat more dismissing attachment representations, but similar rates of secure attachments.
- Reference: The first 10,000 Adult Attachment Interviews: distributions of adult attachment representations in clinical and non-clinical groups Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg and Marinus H. van IJzendoorn 2009
TREATING SHAME: FIVE ASPECTS
This is a model devised by Willia Ayot and Juliet Grayson, which builds on the work of Rubin and Lyon
Shame_Treating Shame the 5 Aspects Model J&W
Kristin Neff: The 3 elements of self compassion